Physiological and proteomic analyses of Alternanthera philoxeroides under zinc stress

Physiological and proteomic analyses of Alternanthera philoxeroides under zinc stress In this study, physiological, biochemical, and proteomic changes of Alternanthera philoxeroides leaves under zinc stress were investigated. Zinc is an essential micronutrient for plants, but it can be toxic at higher concentrations. Accumulations of zinc and MDA in leaves increased significantly with the increase of zinc concentrations. Zn considerably changed the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX). Zn also altered the antioxidant level, such as reduced glutathione (GSH) and ascorbic acid (AsA). Therefore, it seems that zinc induced oxidative stress in the leaves of A. philoxeroides, in which we found enhancement of antioxidant enzyme activities and antioxidant concentrations. Protein profiles analyzed by two-dimensional electrophoresis revealed that five protein spots were up-regulated in zinc-treated samples. These differentially displayed proteins were identified by mass spectrometry. The up-regulation of some antioxidant enzymes and stress-related proteins clearly indicated that excess zinc generates oxidative stress that might be disruptive to other important metabolic processes. These results indicate a good correlation between the physiological and biochemical changes in A. philoxeroides leaves exposed to excess zinc. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Physiological and proteomic analyses of Alternanthera philoxeroides under zinc stress

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences ; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443709040086
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In this study, physiological, biochemical, and proteomic changes of Alternanthera philoxeroides leaves under zinc stress were investigated. Zinc is an essential micronutrient for plants, but it can be toxic at higher concentrations. Accumulations of zinc and MDA in leaves increased significantly with the increase of zinc concentrations. Zn considerably changed the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX). Zn also altered the antioxidant level, such as reduced glutathione (GSH) and ascorbic acid (AsA). Therefore, it seems that zinc induced oxidative stress in the leaves of A. philoxeroides, in which we found enhancement of antioxidant enzyme activities and antioxidant concentrations. Protein profiles analyzed by two-dimensional electrophoresis revealed that five protein spots were up-regulated in zinc-treated samples. These differentially displayed proteins were identified by mass spectrometry. The up-regulation of some antioxidant enzymes and stress-related proteins clearly indicated that excess zinc generates oxidative stress that might be disruptive to other important metabolic processes. These results indicate a good correlation between the physiological and biochemical changes in A. philoxeroides leaves exposed to excess zinc.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 28, 2009

References

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