In this study, physiological, biochemical, and proteomic changes of Alternanthera philoxeroides leaves under zinc stress were investigated. Zinc is an essential micronutrient for plants, but it can be toxic at higher concentrations. Accumulations of zinc and MDA in leaves increased significantly with the increase of zinc concentrations. Zn considerably changed the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX). Zn also altered the antioxidant level, such as reduced glutathione (GSH) and ascorbic acid (AsA). Therefore, it seems that zinc induced oxidative stress in the leaves of A. philoxeroides, in which we found enhancement of antioxidant enzyme activities and antioxidant concentrations. Protein profiles analyzed by two-dimensional electrophoresis revealed that five protein spots were up-regulated in zinc-treated samples. These differentially displayed proteins were identified by mass spectrometry. The up-regulation of some antioxidant enzymes and stress-related proteins clearly indicated that excess zinc generates oxidative stress that might be disruptive to other important metabolic processes. These results indicate a good correlation between the physiological and biochemical changes in A. philoxeroides leaves exposed to excess zinc.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 28, 2009
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