Physiological and Biochemical Characteristics of Sugar Beet Plants Grown at an Increased Carbon Dioxide Concentration and at Various Nitrate Doses

Physiological and Biochemical Characteristics of Sugar Beet Plants Grown at an Increased Carbon... Three-week-old sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) seedlings were grown for an additional four weeks under controlled conditions: in river sand watered with a modified Knop mixture containing one half-fold (0.5N), standard (1N), and or threefold (3N) nitrate amount, at the irradiance of 90 W/m2 PAR, and at the carbon dioxide concentrations of 0.035% (1C treatment) or 0.07% (2C treatment). The increase in the carbon dioxide concentration and in the nitrogen dose resulted in an increase in the leaf area and the leaf and root dry weight per plant. With the increase in the nitrogen dose, morphological indices characterizing leaf growth increased more noticeably in 1C plants than in 2C plants. And vice versa, the effects of increased CO2 concentration were reduced with the increase in the nitrogen dose. Roots responded to the changes in the CO2 and nitrate concentrations otherwise than leaves. At a standard nitrate dose (1N), the contents of proteins and nonstructural carbohydrates (sucrose and starch) in leaves depended little on the CO2 concentration. At a double CO2 concentration, the content of chlorophyll somewhat decreased, and the net photosynthesis rate (P n) calculated per leaf area unit increased. An increase in the nitrogen dose did not affect the leaf carbohydrate content of the 1C and 2C plants except the leaves of the 2C-3N plants, where the carbohydrate content decreased. In 1C and 2C plants, an increase in the nitrogen dose caused an increase in the protein and chlorophyll content. Specific P n values somewhat decreased in 1C-0.5N plants and had hardly any dependence on the nitrate dose in the 2C plants. The carbohydrate content in roots did not depend on the CO2 concentration, and the content was the highest at 0.5N. Characteristic nitrogen dose-independent acclimation of photosynthesis to an increased carbon dioxide concentration, which was postulated previously [1], was not observed in our experiments with sugar beet grown at doubled carbon dioxide concentration. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Physiological and Biochemical Characteristics of Sugar Beet Plants Grown at an Increased Carbon Dioxide Concentration and at Various Nitrate Doses

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Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2002 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
Publisher site
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