Physiological and Biochemical Basis of Extended and Sudden Heat Stress Tolerance in Maize

Physiological and Biochemical Basis of Extended and Sudden Heat Stress Tolerance in Maize Effects of extended and sudden heat stress on various physiological and biochemical processes have been investigated in ten inbred lines of maize (Zea mays L.) at seedling stage. Among the various parameters studied, a significant decrease was observed in membrane stability, chlorophyll fluorescence and chlorophyll concentration under extended heat stress and sudden heat shock in sensitive genotypes which indicated their susceptibility to high temperature. However, heat tolerant genotypes exhibited less impact on these parameters which could be attributed to lesser oxidative stress injury. The free radical scavenging system in heat tolerant genotypes was observed to be better established as compared to heat sensitive genotypes. These findings suggested that the genotypes which performed better both under extended and sudden heat stress conditions could be partly due to their superior ability to cope up with oxidative damage caused by heat stress in maize. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences Springer Journals
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Publisher
Springer India
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by The National Academy of Sciences, India
Subject
Life Sciences; Life Sciences, general; Behavioral Sciences; Plant Biochemistry; Nucleic Acid Chemistry
ISSN
0369-8211
eISSN
2250-1746
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40011-016-0752-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Effects of extended and sudden heat stress on various physiological and biochemical processes have been investigated in ten inbred lines of maize (Zea mays L.) at seedling stage. Among the various parameters studied, a significant decrease was observed in membrane stability, chlorophyll fluorescence and chlorophyll concentration under extended heat stress and sudden heat shock in sensitive genotypes which indicated their susceptibility to high temperature. However, heat tolerant genotypes exhibited less impact on these parameters which could be attributed to lesser oxidative stress injury. The free radical scavenging system in heat tolerant genotypes was observed to be better established as compared to heat sensitive genotypes. These findings suggested that the genotypes which performed better both under extended and sudden heat stress conditions could be partly due to their superior ability to cope up with oxidative damage caused by heat stress in maize.

Journal

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological SciencesSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 24, 2016

References

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