This review summarizes data on alginates, polysaccharides isolated from brown algae. Their raw sources, chemical structure, and physical–chemical properties are discussed briefly. This paper is mainly focused on the physiological activity and usage of alginates in food and pharmaceutical industries. The data on alginate toxicity and necessary safety measures are also presented. The capability of alginates to bind and eliminate heavy metals and radionuclides from animal and human organisms is discussed. This paper also deals with the effects of alginates on the metabolism of lipids, carbohydrates, etc., and their usage in medicine, dietetics, and biotechnology.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
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