Physical Characterization of Bacterial Cellulose Produced by Komagataeibacter medellinensis Using Food Supply Chain Waste and Agricultural By-Products as Alternative Low-Cost Feedstocks

Physical Characterization of Bacterial Cellulose Produced by Komagataeibacter medellinensis Using... Bacterial cellulose (BC), which is a hemicellulose- and lignin-free type of cellulose with unique properties, was produced by Komagataeibacter medellinensis, a new acid-resistant bacterial strain, using not suitable human consumption and sub-valorized food supply chain waste (FSCW) and agricultural by-products, namely, rotten banana, rotten mango and cheese whey. The BC was analyzed using Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) , tensile test, atomic absorption spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. The properties of the BC obtained from each culture medium used were different, ranging from a material with high resistance and stiffness (280.6 MPa, 9.4 GPa) to a material with low resistance and less stiffness (17.7 MPa, 0.8 GPa). These properties provide considerable opportunities for obtaining different materials with multiple applications, such as composite reinforcements, wound dressings and edible films. The highest production of BC was achieved with rotten banana medium, and this BC also had the highest tensile properties. Meanwhile, the BC produced from cheese whey medium had the highest maximum rate of degradation temperature at 368 °C. This research demonstrated that FSCW and agrowaste by-products are advantageous alternative feedstocks in terms of economics and environmental concerns for producing BC with multiple properties and fields of application. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Polymers and the Environment Springer Journals

Physical Characterization of Bacterial Cellulose Produced by Komagataeibacter medellinensis Using Food Supply Chain Waste and Agricultural By-Products as Alternative Low-Cost Feedstocks

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Chemistry; Polymer Sciences; Environmental Chemistry; Materials Science, general; Environmental Engineering/Biotechnology; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
ISSN
1566-2543
eISSN
1572-8900
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10924-017-0993-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Bacterial cellulose (BC), which is a hemicellulose- and lignin-free type of cellulose with unique properties, was produced by Komagataeibacter medellinensis, a new acid-resistant bacterial strain, using not suitable human consumption and sub-valorized food supply chain waste (FSCW) and agricultural by-products, namely, rotten banana, rotten mango and cheese whey. The BC was analyzed using Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) , tensile test, atomic absorption spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. The properties of the BC obtained from each culture medium used were different, ranging from a material with high resistance and stiffness (280.6 MPa, 9.4 GPa) to a material with low resistance and less stiffness (17.7 MPa, 0.8 GPa). These properties provide considerable opportunities for obtaining different materials with multiple applications, such as composite reinforcements, wound dressings and edible films. The highest production of BC was achieved with rotten banana medium, and this BC also had the highest tensile properties. Meanwhile, the BC produced from cheese whey medium had the highest maximum rate of degradation temperature at 368 °C. This research demonstrated that FSCW and agrowaste by-products are advantageous alternative feedstocks in terms of economics and environmental concerns for producing BC with multiple properties and fields of application.

Journal

Journal of Polymers and the EnvironmentSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 25, 2017

References

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