Background/objectives The potential interactive or combined association of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and dietary behavior with atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) has yet to be explored in a representative sample of US adults. Thus, the study aim was to examine the association of MVPA and dietary behavior on AIP, with potential mediation considerations by central adiposity. Subjects/methods Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used (N = 2701 adults aged 20–85 years). AIP was evaluated via blood sample, MVPA was assessed via accelerometry, and two 24-h recalls were utilized to calculate Healthy Eating Index (HEI), a metric of dietary quality. Android-speciﬁc dual energy X-ray absorp- tiometry (DXA) was used to measure central adiposity. Results Meeting MVPA guidelines (OR = 0.58; 95% CI: 0.41–0.82; P = 0.004), but not meeting dietary guidelines (OR = 0.89; 95% CI: 0.69–1.15; P = 0.37), was associated with reduced odds of having an elevated (40.24 mmol/L) AIP. Having one (OR = 0.68; 95% CI: 0.52–0.89; P = 0.007) or both (OR = 0.55; 95 CI: 0.37–0.82; P = 0.005) health-enhancing behaviors (adequate physical activity and/or healthy diet), when compared to having neither, was associated with reduced odds (32 and 45%) for
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 10, 2018
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