Physical Activity and Breast Cancer: an Opportunity to Improve Outcomes

Physical Activity and Breast Cancer: an Opportunity to Improve Outcomes Purpose of Review To review current data regarding physical activity and breast cancer including cancer risk, cancer prognosis, treatment-related side effects, and patient-reported outcomes. We will summarize current physical activity guidelines for cancer survivors and discuss opportunities to study and implement physical activity programs in cancer survivors. Recent Findings Observational evidence suggests that physical activity is associated with a reduced risk of developing breast cancer, a reduced risk of breast cancer recurrence, and improved breast cancer-specific and all-cause mortality. Studies also show that physical activity improves factors important to quality of life such as chemotherapy-related fatigue and the aromatase inhibitor-induced musculoskeletal syndrome. Summary Physical activity is an important component of breast cancer survivorship. Challenges exist in conducting clinical trials of physical activity and implementing current guidelines, yet there are significant opportunities to advance the field through translational research efforts and utilization of available community resources. . . . . . Keywords Exercise Exercise oncology Exercise guidelines Breast cancer Physical activity Breast cancer survivorship Introduction efforts must also focus on reduction of short- and long-term side effects of cancer treatments. Non-pharmaceutical strate- Breast cancer is common not only in the United States (US) gies such as physical activity are ideal http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Oncology Reports Springer Journals

Physical Activity and Breast Cancer: an Opportunity to Improve Outcomes

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Oncology
ISSN
1523-3790
eISSN
1534-6269
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11912-018-0702-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose of Review To review current data regarding physical activity and breast cancer including cancer risk, cancer prognosis, treatment-related side effects, and patient-reported outcomes. We will summarize current physical activity guidelines for cancer survivors and discuss opportunities to study and implement physical activity programs in cancer survivors. Recent Findings Observational evidence suggests that physical activity is associated with a reduced risk of developing breast cancer, a reduced risk of breast cancer recurrence, and improved breast cancer-specific and all-cause mortality. Studies also show that physical activity improves factors important to quality of life such as chemotherapy-related fatigue and the aromatase inhibitor-induced musculoskeletal syndrome. Summary Physical activity is an important component of breast cancer survivorship. Challenges exist in conducting clinical trials of physical activity and implementing current guidelines, yet there are significant opportunities to advance the field through translational research efforts and utilization of available community resources. . . . . . Keywords Exercise Exercise oncology Exercise guidelines Breast cancer Physical activity Breast cancer survivorship Introduction efforts must also focus on reduction of short- and long-term side effects of cancer treatments. Non-pharmaceutical strate- Breast cancer is common not only in the United States (US) gies such as physical activity are ideal

Journal

Current Oncology ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 30, 2018

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