We used restriction length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of PCR-amplified fragments of mtDNA to study the genetic structure of chum salmon populations sampled in 1993–2000 during a spawning run in five rivers: Narva (Southern Primorye), Naiba (Sakhalin Island), Sernovodnaya (Kunashir Island, Southern Kuril Islands), Ola (northwestern coast of the Sea of Okhotsk), and Anadyr' (Chukotka Peninsula). In total, 49 haplotypes were identified in 193 fish. Heterogeneity tests showed highly significant (P = 0) differences among all sample pairs. The estimated time of independent divergence of the populations or population groups is in good agreement with the time of Pleistocene glaciations. This result suggests that it is cyclic global changes during this time period that were crucial in determining the within-species divergence in chum salmon. The types of mtDNA genetic variability and mismatch distribution between haplotypes in the populations indicate that the southern regions of the Sea of Okhotsk and Sea of Japan served as refugia for chum salmon during glaciation periods.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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