RAPD analysis was carried out to study the genetic variation and phylogenetic relationships of polyploid Aegilops species, which contain the D genome as a component of the alloploid genome, and diploid Aegilops tauschii, which is a putative donor of the D genome for common wheat. In total, 74 accessions of six D-genome Aegilops species were examined. The highest intraspecific variation (0.03–0.21) was observed for Ae. tauschii. Intraspecific distances between accessions ranged 0.007–0.067 in Ae. cylindrica, 0.017–0.047 in Ae. vavilovii, and 0–0.053 inAe. juvenalis.Likewise, Ae. ventricosaand Ae. crassa showed low intraspecific polymorphism. The among-accession difference in alloploidAe. ventricosa (genome DvNv) was similar to that of one parental species, Ae. uniaristata (N), and substantially lower than in the other parent, Ae. tauschii (D). The among-accession difference in Ae. cylindrica(CcDc) was considerably lower than in either parent, Ae. tauschii (D) orAe. caudata (C). With the exception of Ae. cylindrica, all D-genome species—Ae. tauschii (D),Ae. ventricosa (DvNv), Ae. crassa (XcrDcr1 and XcrDcr1Dcr2), Ae. juvenalis (XjDjUj), andAe. vavilovii (XvaDvaSva)—formed a single polymorphic cluster, which was distinct from clusters of other species. The only exception, Ae. cylindrica(CcDc), did not group with the other D-genome species, but clustered withAe. caudata (C), a donor of the C genome. The cluster of these two species was clearly distinct from the cluster of the other D-genome species and close to a cluster of Ae. umbellulata (genome U) and Ae. ovata (genome UgMg). Thus, RAPD analysis for the first time was used to estimate and to compare the interpopulation polymorphism and to establish the phylogenetic relationships of all diploid and alloploid D-genome Aegilops species.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 18, 2004
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