Phylogenetic analysis and comparison of eight strains of pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 (PPMV-1) isolated in China between 2010 and 2012

Phylogenetic analysis and comparison of eight strains of pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 (PPMV-1)... Eight strains of pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 (PPMV-1) were isolated and identified in this study, from diseased pigeon flocks suspected to be infected with PPMV-1 in China between 2010 and 2012. These PPMV-1 isolates were purified using specific-pathogen-free (SPF) chicken embryo cells before full-length genomic sequencing. The complete genome of these isolates contained 15,192 nucleotides, similar to those of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) strains in genotypes V–XI, with the gene order 3’-NP-P-M-F-HN-L-5’. A six-nucleotide insertion was found to be located in the 5’ non-coding region of the nucleoprotein gene in our eight PPMV-1 strains when compared with those of genotypes I, II, III, IV and V. The cleavage site of the fusion protein was 112 RRQKRF 117 , a feature generally associated with virulent NDV strains. The structural proteins were in accordance with those of other PPMV-1 strains, with the exception of the W protein of pigeon/CHINA/LJL/100605. The length of the W protein was 227 amino acids, in common with PPMV-1 strains, whereas that of pigeon/CHINA/LJL/100605 was only 181 amino acids. Phylogenetic analysis, based on the genomic sequences and sequences of the fusion gene, revealed that our eight isolates should be classified as class II genotype VIb NDVs. To our knowledge, this is the first report to show that the strain pigeon/CHINA/LLN/110713 is similar to strains isolated abroad, but it was isolated in China, which implies that it may have been introduced to China from overseas. Differences between the Chinese and foreign strains were identified in three regions (nucleotide positions 1632–2229, 3023–3310 and 6103–6439). In addition, the values of ICPI and MDT demonstrated that PPMV-1 isolates were mesogenic or lentogenic, and virulence studies showed that these PPMV-1 strains were non-pathogenic in chickens, but they induced the generation of antibodies in vivo . Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Phylogenetic analysis and comparison of eight strains of pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 (PPMV-1) isolated in China between 2010 and 2012

Loading next page...
Springer Vienna
Copyright © 2013 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Biomedicine; Virology; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial