Phragmoplastin dynamics: multiple forms, microtubule association and their roles in cell plate formation in plants

Phragmoplastin dynamics: multiple forms, microtubule association and their roles in cell plate... We have characterized 4 of the 16 members of the family of dynamin-related proteins (DRP) in Arabidopsis. Three members, DRP1A (previously referred as ADL1), DRP1C and DRP1E, belong to the largest group of phragmoplastin-like proteins. DRP2A (ADL6) is one of the two members that contain a pleckstrin homology (PH) domain and a proline-rich (PR) motif, characteristics of animal dynamins. All four proteins interacted in yeast two-hybrid assays with phragmoplastin, and showed different patterns of localization at the forming cell plate during cytokinesis. GFP-tagged DRP1A and DRP1C proteins were found to be associated with the cytoskeleton in G1 phase of the cell cycle. The distribution pattern of DRP1A was sensitive to propyzamid and insensitive to cytochalasin D, suggesting that DRP1A is associated with microtubules and not actin filaments. The association of DRP1A with microtubules was confirmed in vitro by spin-down assays. A GTPase-defective phragmoplastin acted as a dominant negative mutant, reduced transport of vesicles to the cell plate and formed dense tubule-like structures in the cell plate. We propose that DRP1 proteins may provide an anchor for Golgi-derived vesicles to attach to microtubules, which in turn direct the vesicles to the forming cell plate during cytokinesis. Whereas the DRP1 subfamily members are involved in tubulization of membranes, DRP2 may be involved in endocytosis and membrane recycling via clathrin-coated vesicles. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Phragmoplastin dynamics: multiple forms, microtubule association and their roles in cell plate formation in plants

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/B:PLAN.0000006936.50532.3a
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We have characterized 4 of the 16 members of the family of dynamin-related proteins (DRP) in Arabidopsis. Three members, DRP1A (previously referred as ADL1), DRP1C and DRP1E, belong to the largest group of phragmoplastin-like proteins. DRP2A (ADL6) is one of the two members that contain a pleckstrin homology (PH) domain and a proline-rich (PR) motif, characteristics of animal dynamins. All four proteins interacted in yeast two-hybrid assays with phragmoplastin, and showed different patterns of localization at the forming cell plate during cytokinesis. GFP-tagged DRP1A and DRP1C proteins were found to be associated with the cytoskeleton in G1 phase of the cell cycle. The distribution pattern of DRP1A was sensitive to propyzamid and insensitive to cytochalasin D, suggesting that DRP1A is associated with microtubules and not actin filaments. The association of DRP1A with microtubules was confirmed in vitro by spin-down assays. A GTPase-defective phragmoplastin acted as a dominant negative mutant, reduced transport of vesicles to the cell plate and formed dense tubule-like structures in the cell plate. We propose that DRP1 proteins may provide an anchor for Golgi-derived vesicles to attach to microtubules, which in turn direct the vesicles to the forming cell plate during cytokinesis. Whereas the DRP1 subfamily members are involved in tubulization of membranes, DRP2 may be involved in endocytosis and membrane recycling via clathrin-coated vesicles.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 7, 2004

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