Background: The environmental stresses caused by climate change have become more severe in recent decades, affecting tree growth and physiology. Tropical forests have great potential for global carbon sequestration. However, they suffer from heavy rainfall and prolonged dry periods due to climate change. Swietenia macrophylla King and Melia azedarach L. are economically valuable trees that are widely planted in southern Taiwan. Plantations are exposed to either prolonged dry periods or heavy rainfall within the seasons of tropical monsoon areas. Photo‑ physiological comparisons may provide information that can improve management of S. macrophylla and M. azedarach plantations in tropical regions. Results: Both species exhibited a midday depression in leaf photosynthesis regardless of the season. The net photo‑ synthetic rate (P ), stomatal conductance (g ), and transpiration rate (E) in the dry season all significantly decreased in N s both tree species. In addition, M. azedarach used water more efficiently than did S. macrophylla during the dry season, but S. macrophylla had higher P compared with that in M. azedarach during the wet season. Temperature and vapor pressure deficit influenced P variation in S. macrophylla and M. azedarach, respectively. Our data suggested that the P and g of M. azedarach,
Botanical Studies – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 2, 2017
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