The physiological photosynthetic characteristics and antioxidant enzyme system of the high-chlorophyll rice (Oryza sativa L.) mutant (Gc) and its wild type (Zhenshan 97B) were compared and analyzed. Resulting data showed that the total chlorophyll (Chl) and Chl b contents in the Gc mutant were significantly increased by 19.0 and 81.7%, respectively, while the increase in Chl a and thylakoid membrane protein contents was insignificant. The net photosynthetic rate (P N) was significantly higher in the mutant; stomatal conductance, intercellular CO2 concentration, and transpiration rate decreased significantly, and water-use efficiency increased significantly, indicating the higher photochemical efficiency of the mutant. The chlorophyll fluorescence parameters: electron transport rate and effective quantum yield of PSII photochemistry of the mutant were significantly higher than those of Zhenshan 97B. The nonphotochemical quenching of the mutant under light adaptation increased by 52.3%. The enzymatic activity of superoxide dismutase, peroxidas, and catalase in the mutant roots and leaves were all higher than those for the wild-type plants. It is believed that the higher activity of antioxidant enzymes in the mutant may be an important factor making difficult the photo-inactivation of Chl, and thus, increasing the content of Chl, especially Chl b.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 16, 2012
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