Photosynthesis in the seeds of chloroembryophytes

Photosynthesis in the seeds of chloroembryophytes Depending on the presence or absence of chlorophylls in the embryo, angiosperms are divided into chloroembryophytes and leucoembryophytes. Synthesis of chlorophylls (Chl) in the chloroembryos starts in the globular stage, rises as the embryo is formed, and stops in the late phase of seed maturation. The seeds also contain carotenoids that participate in photosynthesis and act as ABA precursors. The chloroembryos contain photochemically active chloroplasts that contain all the main photosynthetic complexes at a necessary stoichiometric ratio. Dark reactions of photosynthesis in developing seeds are notable for the fact that the main source of carbon therein is sucrose arriving from the maternal plant. Therefore, function of chloroplasts mainly aims at production of NADPH and ATP that are spent on conversion of sucrose into acetyl-CoA and, subsequently, to fatty acids. The CO2 fixation system involving Rubisco and/or phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase operates in the chloroembryos. In the course of photosynthesis, oxygen is released, which prevents hypoxia and maintains seed respiration. In late stages of ripening, the seeds enter the state of dormancy, which is associated with dehydration, disintegration of photosynthetic apparatus, Chl breakdown, and transformation of chloroplasts into plastids filled with reserve nutrient substances. At the same time, very often Chl are not destroyed completely and their residues are present in mature seeds of numerous plant species. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Photosynthesis in the seeds of chloroembryophytes

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443715060163
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Depending on the presence or absence of chlorophylls in the embryo, angiosperms are divided into chloroembryophytes and leucoembryophytes. Synthesis of chlorophylls (Chl) in the chloroembryos starts in the globular stage, rises as the embryo is formed, and stops in the late phase of seed maturation. The seeds also contain carotenoids that participate in photosynthesis and act as ABA precursors. The chloroembryos contain photochemically active chloroplasts that contain all the main photosynthetic complexes at a necessary stoichiometric ratio. Dark reactions of photosynthesis in developing seeds are notable for the fact that the main source of carbon therein is sucrose arriving from the maternal plant. Therefore, function of chloroplasts mainly aims at production of NADPH and ATP that are spent on conversion of sucrose into acetyl-CoA and, subsequently, to fatty acids. The CO2 fixation system involving Rubisco and/or phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase operates in the chloroembryos. In the course of photosynthesis, oxygen is released, which prevents hypoxia and maintains seed respiration. In late stages of ripening, the seeds enter the state of dormancy, which is associated with dehydration, disintegration of photosynthetic apparatus, Chl breakdown, and transformation of chloroplasts into plastids filled with reserve nutrient substances. At the same time, very often Chl are not destroyed completely and their residues are present in mature seeds of numerous plant species.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 16, 2016

References

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