Depending on the presence or absence of chlorophylls in the embryo, angiosperms are divided into chloroembryophytes and leucoembryophytes. Synthesis of chlorophylls (Chl) in the chloroembryos starts in the globular stage, rises as the embryo is formed, and stops in the late phase of seed maturation. The seeds also contain carotenoids that participate in photosynthesis and act as ABA precursors. The chloroembryos contain photochemically active chloroplasts that contain all the main photosynthetic complexes at a necessary stoichiometric ratio. Dark reactions of photosynthesis in developing seeds are notable for the fact that the main source of carbon therein is sucrose arriving from the maternal plant. Therefore, function of chloroplasts mainly aims at production of NADPH and ATP that are spent on conversion of sucrose into acetyl-CoA and, subsequently, to fatty acids. The CO2 fixation system involving Rubisco and/or phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase operates in the chloroembryos. In the course of photosynthesis, oxygen is released, which prevents hypoxia and maintains seed respiration. In late stages of ripening, the seeds enter the state of dormancy, which is associated with dehydration, disintegration of photosynthetic apparatus, Chl breakdown, and transformation of chloroplasts into plastids filled with reserve nutrient substances. At the same time, very often Chl are not destroyed completely and their residues are present in mature seeds of numerous plant species.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 16, 2016
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera