Photosynthesis and artiﬁcial photosynthesis research
Published online: 15 October 2014
Ó Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014
Since the emergence of modern science, photosynthesis has been the focus of
interest of many researchers because of its importance for all forms of life on this
planet. In particular, remarkable progress has been made during the last two
decades. Of special importance is the determination of the three-dimensional
structures of key proteins in photosynthesis, such as Photosystem I, Photosystem II,
and cytochrome b
f complexes by X-ray crystallography. These crystallographic
studies provide useful information about the static structures of these biomolecules.
On the other hand, the dynamic aspects of these biomolecules are equally important,
which have been revealed by various other techniques such as biochemical assays,
ﬂuorescence spectroscopy, magnetic resonance studies, and so on. These successful
research activities have collected an impressive amount of scientiﬁc knowledge,
although there is still much debate on various important aspects, which are under
active research right now.
From the viewpoint of chemistry, the situation looks somewhat different.
Although we may be able to understand the molecular system of natural
photosynthesis, we are far from being able to re-construct it in our hands. The
latter challenge is still too complex for today’s chemists. Nevertheless, building up
artiﬁcial photosynthetic systems on the basis of our knowledge about natural
photosynthesis is a worthwhile goal.
M. Nango (&)
The Osaka City University Advanced Research Institute for Natural Science and Technology
(OCARINA), Sugimoto, Sumiyoshi-ku, Osaka 558-8585, Japan
Proteo-Science Research Center, Ehime University, Bunkyo-cho, Matsuyama 790-8577, Japan
Res Chem Intermed (2014) 40:3163–3168