The photogenerated carriers’ transport and microstructure of self-assembled core–shell ZnSe/ZnS/L-Cys quantum dots (QDs), which was synthesized at room temperature, are studied via the surface photovoltaic and transient photovoltaic techniques, X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and ultraviolet–visible absorption spectra. The results suggest that the ZnSe nanocrystals prepared at room temperature prefer to nucleate at (111) and (220) faces, and grow a shell–ZnS at (220) face rather than at (311) face. The quantum well depth in some interface space charge region (SCR) of the QDs prepared at room temperature is smaller than that prepared at 90 °C. The evolution of the band bending from a depletion layer to an accumulation layer may occur in the graded-band-gap and at the side of the interface SCR, as compared the QDs with p-type photovoltaic characteristic synthesized at room temperature to that at 90 °C. This electron structural shift may be ascribed to the reduced quantum well depth and then an obvious resonance quantum tunneling of the QDs synthesized at room temperature.
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 16, 2017
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