Polycrystalline sample Ba(Ti0.9Sc0.05Nb0.05)O3 (BTSN) has been synthesized by solid-state reaction. The effects on the symmetry and dielectric properties of simultaneous cationic substitution of scandium and niobium in the titanium site of BaTiO3 were investigated. The room-temperature X-ray diffraction revealed a cubic perovskite phase after sintering at 1350 °C. The dielectric properties in the ranges (80–445 K) and (102–106 Hz) were studied. A broad dielectric band anomaly coupled with the shift of dielectric maxima toward higher temperatures with increasing frequency indicates a diffuse phase transition with a relaxor behavior. The parameters of the diffuse phase transition were evaluated from the linear plot of the modified Curie–Weiss law and a good fit to the Vogel–Fülcher relation corroborates the relaxor nature. The relaxor ferroelectric is characterized by a spontaneous polarization which should promote the separation of electron/hole (e−/h+) pairs and favors the photocatalytic properties in the nanodomains. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, measured over the region (1 mH–105 Hz) at pH ~ 7, shows the predominance of the bulk contribution. This BTSN ferroelectric ceramic possesses attractive photoelectrochemical properties with an optical gap of 2.54 eV and a flat band potential of 0.45 V SCE . As application, the oxide was successfully tested for the photooxydation under solar light of amoxicillin (AMX), a currently used antibiotic. Indeed, the energy band diagram indicates an electron transfer from the conduction band to dissolved oxygen, forming O2 · radicals, responsible of the AMX degradation. The AMX concentration was followed by high performance liquid chromatography. A conversion of 92% is recorded in AMX solution (50 mg L−1) within 4 h under solar light and the kinetic obeys to a first order model with a rate constant of 7.73 × 10−3 min−1.
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 26, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera