Photoinduced light scattering and optical spectroscopy have been used to study the photorefractive effect and determine the band gap in nominally undoped congruent and stoichiometric lithium niobate crystals, as well as in a series of congruent LiNbO3 crystals doped with Mg, Zn, B, Gd, Y, and Er cations and LiNbO3 single crystals codoped with Mg:Gd, Mg:Fe, Mg:Y, and Mg:Ta.
Inorganic Materials – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 6, 2018
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