In this study, a strong acid ion-exchange resin, as the starting material of spherical activated carbon contained Zn (Zn-SPAC), was treated by 0.1 N zinc solution. Ion-exchange treatment was performed from one to three times for controlling the zinc content. The ion-exchanged resins were activated under N2/H2O vapor atmosphere at 900°C for 0.5 h, followed by carbonization treatment at 700°C under N2 atmosphere. The Zn-SPAC samples were measured for their physicochemical characteristics, such as X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns, scanning electron microscope (SEM) images, electron probe micro analyzer (EPMA) images, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDXS), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) specific surface area, strength, and zinc content. Also, the samples were used in order to measure photochemical activities, such as the removal efficiency of humic acid (HA) in a fluidized batch reactor. The XRD patterns appeared as the ZnS type. The Zn-SPAC had a large BET specific surface area and their shape was spherical, with a diameter of about 350–400 μm. When the Zn-SPAC was dosed in a fluidized bed reactor with UV light, the HA removal efficiency increased by up to 60%. On the other hand, the HA removal efficiency by only UV-C (λ max = 254 nm) irradiation was very low, about 15%. Therefore, we infer that Zn-SPAC has good photochemical activity and presented the possibility of being a useful photocatalyst for water purification.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 26, 2009
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