Nanostructures of β and γ-Ga2O3 were prepared by the solution combustion route using urea as fuel. The synthesized nano photocatalysts were characterized by use of XRD, FT-IR, BET, TEM, TGA–DTA, DRS, and Raman spectroscopy. XRD and TEM investigations confirmed the nanostructures; particle size was in the range 3–5 nm for γ-Ga2O3 and 40–50 nm for β-Ga2O3. The specific surface area of γ-Ga2O3 was 91 m2 g−1 and that of β-Ga2O3 was 24.3 m2 g−1. The polymorphs of gallium oxide were used as photocatalysts for decomposition of 1,000 mg/l 1,4-dioxane. More than 90 % of the 1,4-dioxane could be degraded in less than 180 min by use of 10 mg/l photocatalyst + 0.5 ml H2O2. The efficiency of photocatalytic degradation of 1,4-dioxane by the synthesized photocatalysts was compared with that of P-25 TiO2 and followed the order γ-Ga2O3 ≥ β-Ga2O3 > P-25 TiO2. The degradation was found to follow pseudo first-order kinetics.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 19, 2012
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