Phosphogypsum Waste Used as Reinforcing Fillers in Polypropylene Based Composites: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties

Phosphogypsum Waste Used as Reinforcing Fillers in Polypropylene Based Composites: Structural,... The industrial production of wet phosphoric acid in Morocco led to controversial stockpiling of waste phosphogypsum by-products resulting in the release of significant amounts of toxic impurities in salt marshes. In the framework of fighting against global climate change and efforts to reduce toxic industrial wastes (phosphate industry), this work presents a new polymer composite based on phosphogypsum (PhG) and polypropylene (PP).The compounds were produced by twin-screw extrusion and injection molding. The morphological results show that good affinity between PhG and PP led to good particle dispersion/distribution in the polymer matrix. Thermal characterizations showed that PhG particles improved the thermal stability of PP with a 50 °C increase at 40 wt%. The optimum tensile modulus was also obtained at 40 wt% with a 74 % increase over neat PP. Dynamical mechanical analysis showed that PhG addition can improve the viscoelastic properties of PP for potential applications under dynamic stress. Overall, it can be concluded that PhG is potential reinforcing filler for the production of PP composites and represents a promising avenue for the valorization of this waste as a new raw material while resolving some environmental issues. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Polymers and the Environment Springer Journals

Phosphogypsum Waste Used as Reinforcing Fillers in Polypropylene Based Composites: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Chemistry; Polymer Sciences; Environmental Chemistry; Materials Science, general; Environmental Engineering/Biotechnology; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
ISSN
1566-2543
eISSN
1572-8900
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10924-016-0853-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The industrial production of wet phosphoric acid in Morocco led to controversial stockpiling of waste phosphogypsum by-products resulting in the release of significant amounts of toxic impurities in salt marshes. In the framework of fighting against global climate change and efforts to reduce toxic industrial wastes (phosphate industry), this work presents a new polymer composite based on phosphogypsum (PhG) and polypropylene (PP).The compounds were produced by twin-screw extrusion and injection molding. The morphological results show that good affinity between PhG and PP led to good particle dispersion/distribution in the polymer matrix. Thermal characterizations showed that PhG particles improved the thermal stability of PP with a 50 °C increase at 40 wt%. The optimum tensile modulus was also obtained at 40 wt% with a 74 % increase over neat PP. Dynamical mechanical analysis showed that PhG addition can improve the viscoelastic properties of PP for potential applications under dynamic stress. Overall, it can be concluded that PhG is potential reinforcing filler for the production of PP composites and represents a promising avenue for the valorization of this waste as a new raw material while resolving some environmental issues.

Journal

Journal of Polymers and the EnvironmentSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 3, 2016

References

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