In catalytic decomposition of dimethylhexane-1,6-dicarbamate (HDC) into hexamethylene-1,6-diisocyanate (HDI), Zn-containing homogeneous (i.e., zinc acetate) and heterogeneous (i.e., ZnO) catalysts were active among a number of catalysts tested, due to the great electron withdrawing ability of Zn ions. Particularly, when polyethylene glycol dimethyl ether was used as a solvent, ZnO was found to be relatively robust, because the catalytic performance was maintained up to the third use (HDC conversion of 93 % and HDI yield of 67 % at 180 °C for 1 h). Through investigation of a HDC/ZnO mixture at elevated temperatures by IR spectroscopy, a possible reaction scheme of ZnO-catalyzed decomposition of HDC was proposed. The H atom is removed from the N–H group of HDC by hydrogen bonding with an O site on the ZnO surface, followed by coordination of an O–C=O group in monodentate mode to a Zn site. The C–O group in the O–C=O linkage is then cleaved yielding the isocyanate and surface methoxide species. Finally, methanol is released from ZnO by a reaction between the surface methoxide and the hydroxyl species.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 29, 2015
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