Phenotypic variation of spermatogenesis and a search for associations with genetic polymorphism in 13 inbred mouse strains

Phenotypic variation of spermatogenesis and a search for associations with genetic polymorphism... Adult mice of the BALB/cLac, PT, CBA/Lac, DD/He, A/He, SWR, NZB, GR, DBA/2J, CC57Br, C57Bl/6J, A/Sn, and YT inbred strains were tested for the count, motility, and morphology of sperms from the caudal region of the epididymis. The protein-coding regions of the cytochrome P450 aromatase (CYP19a1), estrogen receptor 2 (ESR2), steroidogenic factor 1 (Nr5a1), and sex-determining (Sry) gene were sequenced. A substantial genetic heterogeneity for the genes was observed, as well as a phenotypic variation in spermatogenetic parameters, but the variation was rather discordant. The specifics of the interstrain variation in spermatogenetic parameters indicated that a physiological compensatory mechanism increases certain spermatogenetic parameters when other ones are low to maintain male fertility at a level sufficient for successful reproduction. For instance, a high sperm production compensated for a low sperm motility in DD/He males. In the issue of the protein-coding sequencing of the analyzed genes, 16 various mutations were observed. The decreases in proportion of motile sperms and in their velocity were attributed to mutations (I63T and W133L) of the Sry gene in the DD/He strain. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Phenotypic variation of spermatogenesis and a search for associations with genetic polymorphism in 13 inbred mouse strains

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Biomedicine; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795412070101
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Adult mice of the BALB/cLac, PT, CBA/Lac, DD/He, A/He, SWR, NZB, GR, DBA/2J, CC57Br, C57Bl/6J, A/Sn, and YT inbred strains were tested for the count, motility, and morphology of sperms from the caudal region of the epididymis. The protein-coding regions of the cytochrome P450 aromatase (CYP19a1), estrogen receptor 2 (ESR2), steroidogenic factor 1 (Nr5a1), and sex-determining (Sry) gene were sequenced. A substantial genetic heterogeneity for the genes was observed, as well as a phenotypic variation in spermatogenetic parameters, but the variation was rather discordant. The specifics of the interstrain variation in spermatogenetic parameters indicated that a physiological compensatory mechanism increases certain spermatogenetic parameters when other ones are low to maintain male fertility at a level sufficient for successful reproduction. For instance, a high sperm production compensated for a low sperm motility in DD/He males. In the issue of the protein-coding sequencing of the analyzed genes, 16 various mutations were observed. The decreases in proportion of motile sperms and in their velocity were attributed to mutations (I63T and W133L) of the Sry gene in the DD/He strain.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 15, 2012

References

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