In plants, cytosolic Ca2+ levels are tightly regulated, and changes in cytosolic Ca2+ have been implicated in converting numerous signals into adapted responses. Vacuolar ion transporters are thought to be key mediators of cytosolic Ca2+ concentrations. In an attempt to interpret the role of vacuolar Ca2+ transport in plant processes, we have expressed the yeast vacuolar Ca2+/H+ antiporter, VCX1, in Arabidopsis and tobacco. This transporter localizes to the plant vacuolar membrane. VCX1-expressing Arabidopsis plants displayed increased sensitivity to sodium and other ions. These ion sensitivities could be suppressed by addition of calcium to the media. VCX1-expressing plants demonstrated increased tonoplast-enriched Ca2+/H+ antiport activity as well as increased Ca2+ accumulation. These results suggest that VCX1 expression in Arabidopsis could be a valuable tool with which to experimentally dissect the role of Ca2+ transport around the plant vacuole.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 3, 2004
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