Phenotypic changes in Arabidopsis caused by expression of a yeast vacuolar Ca2+/H+ antiporter

Phenotypic changes in Arabidopsis caused by expression of a yeast vacuolar Ca2+/H+ antiporter In plants, cytosolic Ca2+ levels are tightly regulated, and changes in cytosolic Ca2+ have been implicated in converting numerous signals into adapted responses. Vacuolar ion transporters are thought to be key mediators of cytosolic Ca2+ concentrations. In an attempt to interpret the role of vacuolar Ca2+ transport in plant processes, we have expressed the yeast vacuolar Ca2+/H+ antiporter, VCX1, in Arabidopsis and tobacco. This transporter localizes to the plant vacuolar membrane. VCX1-expressing Arabidopsis plants displayed increased sensitivity to sodium and other ions. These ion sensitivities could be suppressed by addition of calcium to the media. VCX1-expressing plants demonstrated increased tonoplast-enriched Ca2+/H+ antiport activity as well as increased Ca2+ accumulation. These results suggest that VCX1 expression in Arabidopsis could be a valuable tool with which to experimentally dissect the role of Ca2+ transport around the plant vacuole. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Phenotypic changes in Arabidopsis caused by expression of a yeast vacuolar Ca2+/H+ antiporter

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1010620227913
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In plants, cytosolic Ca2+ levels are tightly regulated, and changes in cytosolic Ca2+ have been implicated in converting numerous signals into adapted responses. Vacuolar ion transporters are thought to be key mediators of cytosolic Ca2+ concentrations. In an attempt to interpret the role of vacuolar Ca2+ transport in plant processes, we have expressed the yeast vacuolar Ca2+/H+ antiporter, VCX1, in Arabidopsis and tobacco. This transporter localizes to the plant vacuolar membrane. VCX1-expressing Arabidopsis plants displayed increased sensitivity to sodium and other ions. These ion sensitivities could be suppressed by addition of calcium to the media. VCX1-expressing plants demonstrated increased tonoplast-enriched Ca2+/H+ antiport activity as well as increased Ca2+ accumulation. These results suggest that VCX1 expression in Arabidopsis could be a valuable tool with which to experimentally dissect the role of Ca2+ transport around the plant vacuole.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 3, 2004

References

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