Recessive mutations in the maize dsc1 locus prevent normal kernel development. Solidification of the endosperm in homozygous dsc1− mutant kernels was undetectable 12 days after pollination, at which time the tissue was apparently completely solidified in wild-type kernels. At later times endosperm did solidify in homozygous dsc1− mutant kernels, but there was a marked reduction in the volume of the tissue. Embryo growth in homozygous dsc1− kernels was delayed compared to wild-type kernels, but proceeded to an apparently normal stage 1 in which the scutellum, coleoptile, and shoot apex were clearly defined. Embryo growth then ceased and the embryonic tissues degraded. Late in kernel development no tissue distinctions were obvious in dsc1− mutant embryos. Immature mutant embryos germinated when transplanted from kernels to tissue culture medium prior to embryonic degeneration, but only coleoptile proliferation was observed. The dsc1 gene was isolated by transposon tagging. Analysis of the two different dsc1− mutations confirmed that transposon insertion into the cloned genomic locus was responsible for the observed phenotype. Dsc1 mRNA was detected specifically in kernels 5–7 days after pollination. These data indicate Dsc1 function is required for progression of embryo development beyond a specific stage, and also is required for endosperm development.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 6, 2004
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