Phenotypic analysis and molecular cloning of discolored-1 (dsc1), a maize gene required for early kernel development

Phenotypic analysis and molecular cloning of discolored-1 (dsc1), a maize gene required for early... Recessive mutations in the maize dsc1 locus prevent normal kernel development. Solidification of the endosperm in homozygous dsc1− mutant kernels was undetectable 12 days after pollination, at which time the tissue was apparently completely solidified in wild-type kernels. At later times endosperm did solidify in homozygous dsc1− mutant kernels, but there was a marked reduction in the volume of the tissue. Embryo growth in homozygous dsc1− kernels was delayed compared to wild-type kernels, but proceeded to an apparently normal stage 1 in which the scutellum, coleoptile, and shoot apex were clearly defined. Embryo growth then ceased and the embryonic tissues degraded. Late in kernel development no tissue distinctions were obvious in dsc1− mutant embryos. Immature mutant embryos germinated when transplanted from kernels to tissue culture medium prior to embryonic degeneration, but only coleoptile proliferation was observed. The dsc1 gene was isolated by transposon tagging. Analysis of the two different dsc1− mutations confirmed that transposon insertion into the cloned genomic locus was responsible for the observed phenotype. Dsc1 mRNA was detected specifically in kernels 5–7 days after pollination. These data indicate Dsc1 function is required for progression of embryo development beyond a specific stage, and also is required for endosperm development. Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Phenotypic analysis and molecular cloning of discolored-1 (dsc1), a maize gene required for early kernel development

Loading next page...
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright © 1998 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial