Phenomenon Of Pseudomutagenesis: Experiments with Modifiers of Cell Metabolism in Human Lymphocytes

Phenomenon Of Pseudomutagenesis: Experiments with Modifiers of Cell Metabolism in Human Lymphocytes The term “pseudomutagens” is suggested for factors that increase the spontaneous mutation level not by induction of DNA molecule changes but as a result of inhibition of the repair of spontaneous pre-mutation lesions. The expected regularities of pseudomutagen effects, which are suitable as criteria for their identification, are considered. The experimental results on the effects of six modifiers of cell metabolism in human lymphocytes are analyzed. Four of the modifiers (5-fluorodeoxyuridine, sodium cyanide, sodium fluoride and monoiodoacetic acid) behaved as pseudomutagens according to all the criteria applied. 2,4-Dinitrophenol proved to be a true mutagen. Adenosine diphosphate revealed unusual properties: it inhibited the repair of spontaneous lesions but decreased the frequency of structural mutations induced by radiation. The significance of the phenomenon of the pseudomutagenesis for the problem of environmental mutagens/carcinogens is discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Phenomenon Of Pseudomutagenesis: Experiments with Modifiers of Cell Metabolism in Human Lymphocytes

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1020692502428
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The term “pseudomutagens” is suggested for factors that increase the spontaneous mutation level not by induction of DNA molecule changes but as a result of inhibition of the repair of spontaneous pre-mutation lesions. The expected regularities of pseudomutagen effects, which are suitable as criteria for their identification, are considered. The experimental results on the effects of six modifiers of cell metabolism in human lymphocytes are analyzed. Four of the modifiers (5-fluorodeoxyuridine, sodium cyanide, sodium fluoride and monoiodoacetic acid) behaved as pseudomutagens according to all the criteria applied. 2,4-Dinitrophenol proved to be a true mutagen. Adenosine diphosphate revealed unusual properties: it inhibited the repair of spontaneous lesions but decreased the frequency of structural mutations induced by radiation. The significance of the phenomenon of the pseudomutagenesis for the problem of environmental mutagens/carcinogens is discussed.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 13, 2004

References

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