This study examines the crystal-liquid crystal phase transitions of the major phospholipids, phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), from muscle tissue of marine fish living at temperatures of 0–4.1°C (the Pacific cod Gadus macrocephalus, banded Irish lord Hemilepidotus gilberti, Pacific halibut Hippoglossus hippoglossus, black edged sculpin Gymnocanthus herzensteini, dark colored flounder Pleuronectes obscurus, and plain sculpin Myoxocephalus jaok), as well as of fish living at 14 and 18°C (Pacific redfin Tribolodon brandti). The PC and PE phase-transition thermograms of all the investigated species displayed specific profiles. The largest share of the thermogram area at temperatures higher than those of the habitat was found for the PC (28–40%) and PE (47–82%) of the black-edged sculpin, dark-colored flounder, and the plain sculpin, which have reduced physiological activity at low temperatures. In the Pacific cod, banded Irish lord, and the Pacific redfin, this parameter was much lower, 0–18% (PC) and 0–39% (PE). The thermotropic behavior PC and PE was symbate in all fish, except for the cod and the plain sculpin. The transition enthalpy of PC in all the investigated species was 2.8 times higher than that of PE. To interpret the varied PC and PE thermogram profiles of fish with similar fatty-acid compositions, the data on the composition of the molecular species of these phospholipids appeared to be the most informative. This study suggests that each fish species has its own strategy for thermal adaptation, which is realized through a certain set of phospholipid molecular species.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 5, 2013
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