Phase Doppler measurements of spray impact onto rigid walls

Phase Doppler measurements of spray impact onto rigid walls In this work, an experimental study of spray impact onto a horizontal flat and rigid surface is presented. The phase Doppler technique has been used to characterize both the impacting and the secondary spray in terms of mass and number flux, size distribution and velocities of the droplets above the target. A high-resolution CCD camera has been used to measure the average liquid film thickness formed due to spray impact, whereas a high-speed CMOS camera has been used to characterize the splashing droplets from the wall. This visualization of the splashing phenomenon and the knowledge about the liquid film thickness are used to formulate a new physical model of the crown evolution. Furthermore, information about the incident-to-ejected mass fraction and number fraction are novel contributions of this study. Considerable data are provided comparing the impact of single drops onto a liquid film to impact of drops in a spray, and the significance of the observed differences for modelling efforts is discussed. The measurements of this study are also shown to be rather sensitive to the placement of the phase Doppler measurement volume above the surface and to the operating parameters of the instrument. These effects have been documented and discussed for this particular measurement situation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Phase Doppler measurements of spray impact onto rigid walls

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-007-0349-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In this work, an experimental study of spray impact onto a horizontal flat and rigid surface is presented. The phase Doppler technique has been used to characterize both the impacting and the secondary spray in terms of mass and number flux, size distribution and velocities of the droplets above the target. A high-resolution CCD camera has been used to measure the average liquid film thickness formed due to spray impact, whereas a high-speed CMOS camera has been used to characterize the splashing droplets from the wall. This visualization of the splashing phenomenon and the knowledge about the liquid film thickness are used to formulate a new physical model of the crown evolution. Furthermore, information about the incident-to-ejected mass fraction and number fraction are novel contributions of this study. Considerable data are provided comparing the impact of single drops onto a liquid film to impact of drops in a spray, and the significance of the observed differences for modelling efforts is discussed. The measurements of this study are also shown to be rather sensitive to the placement of the phase Doppler measurement volume above the surface and to the operating parameters of the instrument. These effects have been documented and discussed for this particular measurement situation.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 24, 2007

References

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