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Phase-contrast and three-dimensional driven equilibrium (3D-DRIVE) sequences in the assessment of paediatric obstructive hydrocephalus

Phase-contrast and three-dimensional driven equilibrium (3D-DRIVE) sequences in the assessment of... Background Recently, most cases of hydrocephalus are related to obstruction. Accurate localization of the site of obstruction is crucial in determination of the treatment strategy. Purpose To describe the phase-contrast and 3D-DRIVE findings in cases of obstructive hydrocephalus in paediatric patients and to determine their functional and anatomical correlates. Material and methods Brain MRIs of 25 patients (2 months to 11 years) with obstructive hydrocephalus were retrospectively reviewed. Phase-contrast and 3D-DRIVE were performed to assess cerebrospinal (CSF) pathways through the aqueduct of Sylvius and subarachnoid spaces. In addition to flow velocity measurement at the aqueduct of Sylvius, functional and anatomical correlation was analysed at the level of aqueduct of Sylvius, infracerebellar CSF space and at the third ventriculostomy using Spearman’srank test. Results Aqueduct of Sylvius was the most common site of obstruction (19 patients) either secondary to focal, multifocal or tubular stenosis, adhesions, or secondary to extrinsic compression. Functional and anatomical correlation was analysed in 58 regions revealing strong correlation (ro = 0.8, p < .001). Functional anatomical mismatch was found in nine regions. Flow velocity measurements revealed diminished flow in most of the cases with obstruction at the aqueduct and normal velocity in cases with obstruction proximal to http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Child's Nervous System Springer Journals

Phase-contrast and three-dimensional driven equilibrium (3D-DRIVE) sequences in the assessment of paediatric obstructive hydrocephalus

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References (36)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Neurosurgery; Neurosciences
ISSN
0256-7040
eISSN
1433-0350
DOI
10.1007/s00381-018-3850-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background Recently, most cases of hydrocephalus are related to obstruction. Accurate localization of the site of obstruction is crucial in determination of the treatment strategy. Purpose To describe the phase-contrast and 3D-DRIVE findings in cases of obstructive hydrocephalus in paediatric patients and to determine their functional and anatomical correlates. Material and methods Brain MRIs of 25 patients (2 months to 11 years) with obstructive hydrocephalus were retrospectively reviewed. Phase-contrast and 3D-DRIVE were performed to assess cerebrospinal (CSF) pathways through the aqueduct of Sylvius and subarachnoid spaces. In addition to flow velocity measurement at the aqueduct of Sylvius, functional and anatomical correlation was analysed at the level of aqueduct of Sylvius, infracerebellar CSF space and at the third ventriculostomy using Spearman’srank test. Results Aqueduct of Sylvius was the most common site of obstruction (19 patients) either secondary to focal, multifocal or tubular stenosis, adhesions, or secondary to extrinsic compression. Functional and anatomical correlation was analysed in 58 regions revealing strong correlation (ro = 0.8, p < .001). Functional anatomical mismatch was found in nine regions. Flow velocity measurements revealed diminished flow in most of the cases with obstruction at the aqueduct and normal velocity in cases with obstruction proximal to

Journal

Child's Nervous SystemSpringer Journals

Published: May 30, 2018

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