A sulfated polygalactopyranosyl-fucopyranan characterized as ∙∙∙∙ → 1)-α-Fucp-(2SO3 −)-(3 → 1)-α-Fucp-(2SO3 −)-(4 → 1)-β-Galp-(4 → 1)-β-Galp-(4 → ∙∙∙∙ was isolated from the brown seaweed Sargassum wightii and evaluated for pharmacological properties with reference to antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, and antihypertensive activities using different in vitro models. The sulfated polygalactopyranosyl-fucopyranan displayed potential di(phenyl)-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl) iminoazanium (DPPH), 2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS+) radical scavenging, and Fe2+ ion chelating activities (IC90 ~ 1 mg mL−1). The studied polysaccharide displayed higher anti-inflammatory selectivity towards inducive pro-inflammatory enzyme cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2, IC90 1.13 mg mL−1) than constitutive cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1, IC90 > 1.20 mg mL−1) resulting in greater selectivity index (IC90 COX-2/COX-1, 0.93) than synthetic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug aspirin (0.88) and also showed potent lipoxygenase-5 inhibition (LOX-5, IC90 1.02 mg mL−1). The studied polysaccharide displayed significantly higher (P < 0.05) antidiabetic properties compared to the antidiabetic agents acarbose and diprotein-A in terms of α-amylase (IC90 0.93 mg mL−1), α-glucosidase (IC90 1.48 mg mL−1), and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (IC90 0.11 mg mL−1) enzyme inhibition potentials. The sulfated polygalactopyranosyl-fucopyranan also displayed potential antihypertensive activity with reference to angiotensin-converting enzyme-I inhibitory activity (IC90 0.2 mg mL−1). Extensive spectroscopic experiments in conjugation with monosaccharide compositional analysis attributed (1 → 3)-linked α-fucopyranose units in the polygalactofucan chain with C-2 sulfation and C-4 substituents as O-acetyl/O-methyl/(1 → 4)-linked β-galactopyranose. The previously undescribed sulfated polygalactopyranosyl-fucopyranan could function as a potential pharmacophore lead against inflammation, type 2 diabetics, hypertension and utilization as natural antioxidant.
Journal of Applied Phycology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 26, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera