The effect of pH on the photosynthetic properties of photosystem I (PSI) particles isolated from spinach chloroplasts were studied using various spectroscopic and activity measurements. The results indicated that the PSI light energy absorption was not affected by changing pH of suspending media. The low-temperature fluorescence yield of the dominating long-wavelength emission band at 734 nm was decreased with increasing pH, whereas it did not exhibit changes in the major peak position at pHs studied except for pH 12, where the major peak in low-temperature chlorophyll (Chl) fluorescence emission spectra was shifted toward the blue light by 5 nm. Pronounced changes were found in PSI photochemical activities. Mild alkalinity (pH 8–10) in suspending media stimulated the rate of oxygen uptake with a maximum activity of oxygen consumption at about pH 9, while the other pHs exhibited an inhibition as compared to the control at pH 7.8. The rate of P700 photooxidation increased with the increasing pH, and the optimum for the reaction activity was in the region of pH 9–11. Circular dichroism spectra revealed that a progressive increase occurred in the conformation of the α-helices as pH value decreased from pH 7.8 to 3.0 or increased from pH 7.8 to 12.0. The results demonstrated that the Chl states in PSI particles were highly stable, while the photochemical activities and protein secondary structures were very sensitive to the pH stimuli of external medium.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 8, 2009
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