Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 75, No. 2, 2002, p. 337. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 75, No. 2, 2002, p. 347. Original Russian Text Copyright C 2002 by Morachevskii. ˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝ BOOK REVIEWS ˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝˝ Petrov, G.V., Greiver, T.N., and Lazarenkov, V.G., Sovremennoe sostoyanie i tekhnologicheskie perspektivy proizvodstva platinovykh metallov iz khromitovykh rud (Present State and Technological Prospects of Manufacture of Platinum Metals from Chromite Ores), St. Petersburg: Nedra, 2001, 200 pp. In the 19th century, Russia was the major manu- of platinum metals in dressing of chromite ores from facturer of platinum extracted from gravel deposits of another kind of deposits-zonal massifs characteristic Urals, which had been exhausted long ago and were of the platinum-bearing belt of Urals. Specific fea- replaced in the middle of the 20th century by sulfide tures of the behavior of chromium and platinum met- copper-nickel ores of the Noril’sk3Talnakh region, als in dressing of ores from the Nizhni Tagil deposit containing no less than 40% of the world’s reserves of and also from deposits of the southeastern part of platinum metals. This allows Russia to remain a major the Siberian platform are described. The fifth chapter manufacturer of platinum metals in the 21st century. (pp. 1073126) considers the prospects for dressing of Even though chromite ores (chromites are spinel platinum-containing chromite ores from other deposits minerals with Cr O content ranging from 18 to 62%) in the territory of the CIS. 2 3 are unconventional source of platinum metals, they The following chapters-sixth (pp. 126 3147), sev- are of interest in view of the growing demand for enth (pp. 148 3169), and eighth (pp. 170 3187), are platinum and its accessories. concerned with various kinds of technological schemes Among the authors of this monograph are specialists for processing of the platinum-containing concentrates with many years of experience both in the geology of obtained. Combination of various dressing methods platinum metals (V.G. Lazarev) and in the develop- under industrial conditions may yield concentrates ment of methods for their dressing in integrated use of with content of the sum of platinum metals in the the raw material (T.N. Greiver, G.V. Petrov). This al- range from 100 to 1000 g per 1 ton. In choosing a lowed discussion of a wide variety of problems. technology, the central issue is the method for strip- The book comprises eight small chapters and a ref- ping the concentrate in order to transfer platinum me- erence list including 193 references to publications tals into solution, wherefrom they can be extracted by mainly Russian authors. The first chapter (pp. 7 3 by various techniques (sorption on anion-exchange 28) characterizes the world’s mineral resources of resin, cementation). platinum metals and the state of their manufacture In a brief conclusion (pp. 188 3189), the authors and consumption. The most prominent exporters of emphasize that improving the sensitivity and accuracy home-manufactured platinum metals are Republic of of analytical determination of platinum metals made South Africa, Russia, Canada, and Australia. The first it possible to reveal their presence in many kinds of place in manufacture of platinum is occupied by the raw materials that are unconventional for the extrac- Republic of South Africa, the largest manufacturer of tion of platinum metals. Particularly topical for Russia palladium is Russia. is the processing of the chromite ore which is already The second chapter (pp. 29 3 46) is concerned with an important source of platinum metals in foreign chromite ores, their deposits, resources, mining, and countries. dressing, structure of chromite ore consumption, and state of the world’s market of ferrochromium. The The monograph is marked by high scientific level third chapter (pp. 473 64) considers the processes of and is of interest for engineers and researchers in concentration of platinum metals in dressing of ores the field of integrated processing of various kinds of from deposits in the territory of the Republic of South complex mineral raw materials. Africa (Bushweld massif). The fourth chapter (pp. 653 106) discusses problems associated with the recovery A. G. Morachevskii 1070-4272/02/7502-0337 $27.00 C 2002 MAIK [Nauka/Interperiodica]
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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