Peroxidases from alfalfa roots: Catalytic properties and participation in degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Peroxidases from alfalfa roots: Catalytic properties and participation in degradation of... From the roots and root exudates of 3-week-old plants of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), anionic and cationic peroxidases differing in principal physicochemical and catalytic properties were isolated and purified. Main features of anionic peroxidases detected in the roots and root exudates were identical. Phenanthrene present in the soil used for alfalfa growing influenced the number of forms and activity of peroxidases in crude enzyme preparations but did not affect the properties of pure enzymes. In the presence of a synthetic mediator, purified peroxidases can oxidize phenanthrene and its derivatives, including potential microbial metabolites of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). The fact that the enzymes excreted in root exudates in a purified form can oxidase PAH proves their participation in degradation of PAH and their microbial metabolites in alfalfa rhizosphere. These new data indicate that the processes of plant and microbial degradation of pollutants in the rhizosphere are coupled; they are relevant to understanding the molecular mechanisms of degradation of persistent pollutants by plant-microbial complexes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Peroxidases from alfalfa roots: Catalytic properties and participation in degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/peroxidases-from-alfalfa-roots-catalytic-properties-and-participation-L4Ho8Taygo
Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443717010058
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

From the roots and root exudates of 3-week-old plants of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), anionic and cationic peroxidases differing in principal physicochemical and catalytic properties were isolated and purified. Main features of anionic peroxidases detected in the roots and root exudates were identical. Phenanthrene present in the soil used for alfalfa growing influenced the number of forms and activity of peroxidases in crude enzyme preparations but did not affect the properties of pure enzymes. In the presence of a synthetic mediator, purified peroxidases can oxidize phenanthrene and its derivatives, including potential microbial metabolites of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). The fact that the enzymes excreted in root exudates in a purified form can oxidase PAH proves their participation in degradation of PAH and their microbial metabolites in alfalfa rhizosphere. These new data indicate that the processes of plant and microbial degradation of pollutants in the rhizosphere are coupled; they are relevant to understanding the molecular mechanisms of degradation of persistent pollutants by plant-microbial complexes.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 5, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off