Permeant Anions Control Gating of Calcium-dependent Chloride Channels

Permeant Anions Control Gating of Calcium-dependent Chloride Channels The effects of external anions (SCN−, NO 3 − , I−, Br−, F−, glutamate, and aspartate) on gating of Ca2+-dependent Cl− channels from rat parotid acinar cells were studied using the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique. Shifts in the reversal potential of the current induced by replacement of external Cl− with foreign anions, gave the following selectivity sequence based on permeability ratios (P x/P Cl): SCN−>I−>NO 3 − >Br−>Cl−>F−>aspartate>glutamate. Using a continuum electrostatic model we calculated that this lyotropic sequence resulted from the interaction between anions and a polarizable tunnel with an effective dielectric constant of ∼23. Our data revealed that anions with P x/PCl > 1 accelerated activation kinetics in a voltage-independent manner and slowed deactivation kinetics. Moreover, permeant anions enhanced whole-cell conductance (g, an index of the apparent open probability) in a voltage-dependent manner, and shifted leftward the membrane potential-g curves. All of these effects were produced by the anions with an effectiveness that followed the selectivity sequence. To explain the effects of permeant anions on activation kinetics and g Cl we propose that there are 2 different anion-binding sites in the channel. One site is located outside the electrical field and controls channel activation kinetics, while a second site is located within the pore and controls whole-cell conductance. Thus, interactions of permeant anions with these two sites hinder the closing mechanism and stabilize the channel in the open state. The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Permeant Anions Control Gating of Calcium-dependent Chloride Channels

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2004 by Springer-Verlag
Life Sciences; Human Physiology; Biochemistry, general
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial