Aim To describe the effect of hepatobiliary-specific MR imaging contrast agent (HBCA) administration on the signal intensity of peritoneal and pleural fluid effusions on T1-weighted MR images. Materials and methods From October 2015 to May 2016 139 patients (mean 60±10 years old, 69 % males) with peritoneal or pleural effusions without biliary leakage who underwent HBCA-MRI (Gd-BOPTA or Gd-EOB-DTPA) at 1.5T and 3T were included from two centres. The fluid signal intensity was classified as hypo/iso/hyperintense before/after HBCA administration. The relative signal enhancement (RE) was calculated. Results On hepatobiliary phase (HBP), peritoneal fluids appeared hyper/isointense in 88–100 % and pleural effusions in 100 % of the patients following Gd-BOPTA administration. All fluids remained hypointense following Gd-EOB-DTPA. The signal intensity of fluids increased with both HBCA but RE was significantly higher following Gd-BOPTA (p=0.002 to <0.001). RE was correlated with HBP acquisition time-point (r=0.42, p<0.001 and r=0.50, p=0.033 for peritoneal and pleural fluids). Conclusion The signal intensity of pleural and peritoneal fluids progressively increases following HBCA administration in the absence of biliary leakage. Due to its later hepatobiliary phase, this is more pronounced after Gd-BOPTA injection, leading to fluid hyperintensity that is not observed after Gd-EOB-DTPA injection. Key Points �
European Radiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 26, 2018
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