Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) often carries long-term seqüelae following surgical intervention. We hypothesized that early perioperative factors are associated with long-term adverse right ventricular (RV) remodeling, diminished exercise capacity, and increased morbidity. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients operated for TOF that underwent cardiac magnetic resonance imaging study (CMR), exercise stress test (EST), and detailed review of past medical history. Outcome variables included measures of RV size, and function, maximal work rate, and oxygen consumption, and interim hospitalizations, surgeries, and catheterizations. Thirty-nine subjects were included. Age at surgical repair was 0.3 ± 0.3 years and age at testing was 9.7 ± 1.4 years. On CMR, there was borderline RV dilation with moderate pulmonary insufficiency (PI) [RF 32% (8; 43)] and normal RV ejection fraction [60% (55; 67)]. On EST, there was low percent-predicted maximal oxygen consumption (77 ± 20%), and percent-predicted maximal work rate (84 ± 23%). On multivariable analysis, mechanical ventilation and Blalock–Taussig (BT) shunt prior to complete surgical repair were associated with the number of future hospitalizations. Duration of cardiopulmonary bypass and prior BT shunt were associated with future catheterizations. Prior BT shunt was a predictor of worse RVEF, while duration of mechanical ventilation and use of transannular patch were predictors of worse PI. Longer duration of mechanical ventilation (or LOS) was associated with worse maximal work rate. Surgical and perioperative factors may portend long-term RV remodeling and outcome in TOF. Further studies are warranted to explore these associations and potential underlying mechanisms.
Pediatric Cardiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 6, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera