Pericryptal Myofibroblast Growth in Rat Descending Colon Induced by Low-Sodium Diets Is Mediated by Aldosterone and not by Angiotensin II

Pericryptal Myofibroblast Growth in Rat Descending Colon Induced by Low-Sodium Diets Is Mediated... Pericryptal myofibroblast growth in descending colonic crypts correlates with the activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. Earlier work showed that during the transition from a high-Na+ (HS) to low-Na+ (LS) diet there are changes in the colonic crypt wall and pericryptal sheath. As LS diet increases both aldosterone and angiotensin II, the aim here was to determine their individual contributions to the trophic changes in colonic crypts. Experiments were conducted on control and adrenalectomized Sprague-Dawley rats fed an HS diet and then switched to LS diet for 3 days and supplemented with aldosterone or angiotensin II. The actions of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor captopril, the angiotensin receptor antagonist losartan and the aldosterone antagonist spironolactone on extracellular matrix proteins, claudin 4 and E-cadherin myofibroblast proteins, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and OB-cadherin (cadherin 11), angiotensin type 1 and TGFβr1 membrane receptors were determined by immunolocalization in fixed distal colonic mucosa. The LS diet or aldosterone supplementation following ADX in HS or LS increased extracellular matrix, membrane receptors and myofibroblast proteins, but angiotensin alone had no trophic effect on α-SMA. These results show that aldosterone stimulates myofibroblast growth in the distal colon independently of dietary Na+ intake and of angiotensin levels. This stimulus could be a genomic response or secondary to stretch of the pericryptal sheath myofibroblasts accompanying enhanced rates of crypt fluid absorption. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Pericryptal Myofibroblast Growth in Rat Descending Colon Induced by Low-Sodium Diets Is Mediated by Aldosterone and not by Angiotensin II

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/pericryptal-myofibroblast-growth-in-rat-descending-colon-induced-by-tYWrwqk0d6
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-005-0773-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Pericryptal myofibroblast growth in descending colonic crypts correlates with the activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. Earlier work showed that during the transition from a high-Na+ (HS) to low-Na+ (LS) diet there are changes in the colonic crypt wall and pericryptal sheath. As LS diet increases both aldosterone and angiotensin II, the aim here was to determine their individual contributions to the trophic changes in colonic crypts. Experiments were conducted on control and adrenalectomized Sprague-Dawley rats fed an HS diet and then switched to LS diet for 3 days and supplemented with aldosterone or angiotensin II. The actions of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor captopril, the angiotensin receptor antagonist losartan and the aldosterone antagonist spironolactone on extracellular matrix proteins, claudin 4 and E-cadherin myofibroblast proteins, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and OB-cadherin (cadherin 11), angiotensin type 1 and TGFβr1 membrane receptors were determined by immunolocalization in fixed distal colonic mucosa. The LS diet or aldosterone supplementation following ADX in HS or LS increased extracellular matrix, membrane receptors and myofibroblast proteins, but angiotensin alone had no trophic effect on α-SMA. These results show that aldosterone stimulates myofibroblast growth in the distal colon independently of dietary Na+ intake and of angiotensin levels. This stimulus could be a genomic response or secondary to stretch of the pericryptal sheath myofibroblasts accompanying enhanced rates of crypt fluid absorption.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 2005

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from Google Scholar, PubMed
Create lists to organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off