Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) technology is a key enabler in 5G. A configuration combining analog beamforming and digital MIMO signal processing for multi-beam multiplexing, i.e. analog-digital hybrid beamforming, is one of the promising approaches of massive MIMO. With the configuration, we can mitigate the problems of complexity and power consumption, which are serious in higher super high frequency and extremely high frequency bands. In this paper, we evaluate the performance of nonlinear block multi-diagonalization (NL-BMD) precoding, an intermediate solution between the conventional linear precoder (LP) and nonlinear precoder (NLP), over an analog-digital hybrid beamforming constitution. Through numerical evaluation assuming indoor hotspot scenarios, it is clarified that, NL-BMD yields up to 18.8% improvement and 5.1 dB gain in average sum-rate spectral efficiency performance, compared with block diagonalization (BD), which is one of the typical schemes of conventional LP, while reducing the complexity to 1/2 of the conventional NLP. In addition, even under a dynamic fading condition, NL-BMD shows tolerance for channel transitions and still better performance than BD: NL-BMD suppresses performance loss in sum-rate spectral efficiency due to channel transitions to 18.3%, whereas BD shows over 20% loss.
International Journal of Wireless Information Networks – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 15, 2017
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