Performance Analysis for Brandt’s Conclusive Entangling Probe

Performance Analysis for Brandt’s Conclusive Entangling Probe The Fuchs–Peres–Brandt (FPB) probe realizes the most powerful individual attack on Bennett-Brassard 1984 quantum key distribution by means of a single controlled-NOT gate in which Alice’s transmitted qubit becomes the control-qubit input, Bob’s received qubit is the control-qubit output, and Eve supplies the target-qubit input and measures the target-qubit output. The FPB probe uses the minimum-error-probability projective measurement for discriminating between the target-qubit output states that are perfectly correlated with Bob’s sifted bit value when that bit is correctly received. This paper analyzes a recently proposed modification of the FPB attack in which Eve’s projective measurement is replaced by a probability operator-valued measurement chosen to unambiguously discriminate between the same two target-qubit output states. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quantum Information Processing Springer Journals

Performance Analysis for Brandt’s Conclusive Entangling Probe

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Springer Science+Business Media Inc
Subject
Physics; Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics; Quantum Computing; Data Structures, Cryptology and Information Theory; Quantum Physics; Mathematical Physics
ISSN
1570-0755
eISSN
1573-1332
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11128-005-0005-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The Fuchs–Peres–Brandt (FPB) probe realizes the most powerful individual attack on Bennett-Brassard 1984 quantum key distribution by means of a single controlled-NOT gate in which Alice’s transmitted qubit becomes the control-qubit input, Bob’s received qubit is the control-qubit output, and Eve supplies the target-qubit input and measures the target-qubit output. The FPB probe uses the minimum-error-probability projective measurement for discriminating between the target-qubit output states that are perfectly correlated with Bob’s sifted bit value when that bit is correctly received. This paper analyzes a recently proposed modification of the FPB attack in which Eve’s projective measurement is replaced by a probability operator-valued measurement chosen to unambiguously discriminate between the same two target-qubit output states.

Journal

Quantum Information ProcessingSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 18, 2006

References

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