Psychiatric Quarterly [psaq] ph183-psaq-460941 May 9, 2003 9:36 Style ﬁle version June 4th, 2002
Psychiatric Quarterly, Vol. 74, No. 3, Fall 2003 (
PERCEIVED STRESS IN KLEPTOMANIA
Jon E. Grant, J.D., M.D., Suck Won Kim, M.D.,
and Rebecca L. Grosz, B.A.
Kleptomania, deﬁned as the recurrent failure to resist the impulse to steal, is
associated with signiﬁcant functional impairment. We hypothesized that peo-
ple with kleptomania would report elevated levels of perceived stress. Sixteen
subjects with DSM-IV kleptomania were administered the Perceived Stress
Scale (PSS) and compared with 20 subjects with DSM-IV major depressive dis-
order (MDD). Change in PSS scores in response to treatment and the relation-
ship between PSS scores and severity of kleptomania symptoms were analyzed.
The subjects with kleptomania had a signiﬁcantly greater mean baseline PSS
score than the 20 subjects with MDD (t = 8.55, df = 34, p = .000). PSS scores
were signiﬁcantly correlated with severity of kleptomania symptoms (r = .71,
p = .002), even when controlling for comorbid diagnoses (r = .67, p = .006).
PSS scores signiﬁcantly decreased during the course of treatment (t = 9.31,
df = 15, p = .000). People with kleptomania have higher levels of perceived
stress than people with MDD, and the perceived stress decreases as the klep-
tomania symptoms are treated.
KEY WORDS: kleptomania; perceived stress; impulse control disorder.
All authors are afﬁliated with Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota
School of Medicine, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Address correspondence to Jon E. Grant, J.D., M.D., Department of Psychiatry, Univer-
sity of Minnesota School of Medicine, 2450 Riverside Avenue, Minneapolis, MN 55454-
1495; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
2003 Human Sciences Press, Inc.