Penetration of Lysozyme and Cytochrome C in Lipid Bilayer: Fluorescent Study

Penetration of Lysozyme and Cytochrome C in Lipid Bilayer: Fluorescent Study Lysozyme and cytochrome c (CytC) are well-investigated proteins. Their specific interactions with lipid membranes, however, keep surprising secrets. Lysozyme destroys bacterial membrane; CytC binds hydrophobically to alkyl chains of the membrane lipid tails, indicating that both proteins are able to interact directly with the inner membrane components, especially with the fatty acyl chains of membrane lipids. The degrees of integration, depth of localization in the hydrophobic interior of different types of model membranes, and the type of interaction of lysozyme and CytC with surrounding lipids were investigated by fluorescent spectroscopy. Three different fluorescent markers, located at approximately 6.5, 9, and 18 Å into the lipid bilayer, were used. In addition, liposomes were designed as electrically neutral or positively or negatively charged to unravel the importance of the net electrical charge for lipid/protein interaction. CytC penetrates deeper into the lipid bilayer in comparison with lysozyme, and data are discussed in the terms of Stern–Volmer quenching of fluorescence. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Penetration of Lysozyme and Cytochrome C in Lipid Bilayer: Fluorescent Study

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-011-9380-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Lysozyme and cytochrome c (CytC) are well-investigated proteins. Their specific interactions with lipid membranes, however, keep surprising secrets. Lysozyme destroys bacterial membrane; CytC binds hydrophobically to alkyl chains of the membrane lipid tails, indicating that both proteins are able to interact directly with the inner membrane components, especially with the fatty acyl chains of membrane lipids. The degrees of integration, depth of localization in the hydrophobic interior of different types of model membranes, and the type of interaction of lysozyme and CytC with surrounding lipids were investigated by fluorescent spectroscopy. Three different fluorescent markers, located at approximately 6.5, 9, and 18 Å into the lipid bilayer, were used. In addition, liposomes were designed as electrically neutral or positively or negatively charged to unravel the importance of the net electrical charge for lipid/protein interaction. CytC penetrates deeper into the lipid bilayer in comparison with lysozyme, and data are discussed in the terms of Stern–Volmer quenching of fluorescence.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 8, 2011

References

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