Lysozyme and cytochrome c (CytC) are well-investigated proteins. Their specific interactions with lipid membranes, however, keep surprising secrets. Lysozyme destroys bacterial membrane; CytC binds hydrophobically to alkyl chains of the membrane lipid tails, indicating that both proteins are able to interact directly with the inner membrane components, especially with the fatty acyl chains of membrane lipids. The degrees of integration, depth of localization in the hydrophobic interior of different types of model membranes, and the type of interaction of lysozyme and CytC with surrounding lipids were investigated by fluorescent spectroscopy. Three different fluorescent markers, located at approximately 6.5, 9, and 18 Å into the lipid bilayer, were used. In addition, liposomes were designed as electrically neutral or positively or negatively charged to unravel the importance of the net electrical charge for lipid/protein interaction. CytC penetrates deeper into the lipid bilayer in comparison with lysozyme, and data are discussed in the terms of Stern–Volmer quenching of fluorescence.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 8, 2011
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