Purpose of review Summarize current knowledge regarding the epidemiology, presentation, workup, and management of common and major congenital laryngeal anomalies. Famil- iarize readers, particularly those providing primary care pediatric services, with these lesions. Recent findings Knowledge of these anomalies continues to evolve rapidly, with ongoing wide variation in workup and treatment strategies. Nevertheless, some core principles can be extracted from the current medical literature. Summary The pediatric larynx is anatomically small but functionally critical. Many anom- alies can mimic each other despite requiring very different workup and treatment strat- egies. In some cases, these anomalies may be life-threatening or may significantly impair function. Familiarity with the nuances of these conditions will likely be useful to primary and specialty providers caring for pediatric patients. Introduction Congenital airway anomalies range from the com- affecting the larynx in order to assist the reader in mon, for example laryngomalacia, to the unusual, differentiating between them, thinking through the such as congenital tracheal stenosis. Each of these process of temporizing and managing them, and gen- disorders may affect a child’s ability to breathe, swal- erating and working through an appropriate differen- low, or generate voice; as these effects grow in magni- tial diagnosis. It
Current Treatment Options in Pediatrics – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 14, 2018
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