Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the main type of variation in genome, enabling them to be associated with traits of economic importance in livestock. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have led to the discovery of SNPs associated with desirable traits in sheep. However, in these studies, SNPs are genotyped by high-throughput methods in genome scale, which are expensive and require sophisticated equipment and analysis methods. Therefore, the goal of this study was to develop a reliable, rapid, and inexpensive polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based method to genotype a medium number of animals for a few candidate SNPs previously associated with desirable phenotypes in sheep by GWAS, using markers associated with gastrointestinal nematode resistance as a model. DNA extracted from white-blood cells of 150 sheep was submitted to PCR amplification followed by agarose gel electrophoresis and determination of banding pattern. Tetra-primer ARMS-PCR was successfully optimized after changes in annealing temperature; annealing and extension times; concentration of MgCl2 and DNA; ratios of inner, outer, forward and reverse primer; and addition of adjuvants, for genotyping the OAR2_14765360, OAR6_81718546, OAR11_62887032, and OAR12_69606944 SNPs in sheep. An extensive optimization of tetra-primer ARMS-PCR resulted in a suitable, simple, cost-effective PCR-based method of genotyping four SNP markers previously detected by chip arrays.
Molecular Biology Reports – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 5, 2018
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