Patronage and Public Goods Provisioning in an Unequal Land

Patronage and Public Goods Provisioning in an Unequal Land Soc Indic Res https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-017-1707-0 ORIGINAL RESEARCH Patronage and Public Goods Provisioning in an Unequal Land 1 1 Hadia Majid Rashid Memon Accepted: 22 July 2017 UNU-WIDER 2017, corrected publication 2018 Abstract This study explores the relationship between economic and political inequalities and access to public goods provisioning in Pakistan. We construct measures of political inequality and political patronage using voting data, and economic inequality measures using representative household data. Firstly, we find a strong concave relationship between economic inequality and access to residential supply of natural gas. Secondly, we find that the presence of strong-men who can capture large vote shares is associated with higher access to natural gas. We uncover an optimal size of patrons: Patrons have an insignificant positive effect on access when patrons capture less than 20% of the votes and an insignificant negative effect when they capture more than 30%. At 20%, they have a positive effect that is significant in both a statistical and an economic sense. Keywords Horizontal inequality  Ethnic inequality  Publicly provided goods  Political patronage JEL Classification D63  I24  H42 1 Introduction Inequalities in income, health, and education pose significant challenges for developing country governments. Such inequalities, http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Social Indicators Research Springer Journals

Patronage and Public Goods Provisioning in an Unequal Land

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by UNU-WIDER 2017
Subject
Social Sciences; Sociology, general; Quality of Life Research; Microeconomics; Public Health; Human Geography; Quality of Life Research
ISSN
0303-8300
eISSN
1573-0921
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11205-017-1707-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Soc Indic Res https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-017-1707-0 ORIGINAL RESEARCH Patronage and Public Goods Provisioning in an Unequal Land 1 1 Hadia Majid Rashid Memon Accepted: 22 July 2017 UNU-WIDER 2017, corrected publication 2018 Abstract This study explores the relationship between economic and political inequalities and access to public goods provisioning in Pakistan. We construct measures of political inequality and political patronage using voting data, and economic inequality measures using representative household data. Firstly, we find a strong concave relationship between economic inequality and access to residential supply of natural gas. Secondly, we find that the presence of strong-men who can capture large vote shares is associated with higher access to natural gas. We uncover an optimal size of patrons: Patrons have an insignificant positive effect on access when patrons capture less than 20% of the votes and an insignificant negative effect when they capture more than 30%. At 20%, they have a positive effect that is significant in both a statistical and an economic sense. Keywords Horizontal inequality  Ethnic inequality  Publicly provided goods  Political patronage JEL Classification D63  I24  H42 1 Introduction Inequalities in income, health, and education pose significant challenges for developing country governments. Such inequalities,

Journal

Social Indicators ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 29, 2017

References

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