Soc Indic Res https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-017-1707-0 ORIGINAL RESEARCH Patronage and Public Goods Provisioning in an Unequal Land 1 1 Hadia Majid Rashid Memon Accepted: 22 July 2017 UNU-WIDER 2017, corrected publication 2018 Abstract This study explores the relationship between economic and political inequalities and access to public goods provisioning in Pakistan. We construct measures of political inequality and political patronage using voting data, and economic inequality measures using representative household data. Firstly, we ﬁnd a strong concave relationship between economic inequality and access to residential supply of natural gas. Secondly, we ﬁnd that the presence of strong-men who can capture large vote shares is associated with higher access to natural gas. We uncover an optimal size of patrons: Patrons have an insigniﬁcant positive effect on access when patrons capture less than 20% of the votes and an insigniﬁcant negative effect when they capture more than 30%. At 20%, they have a positive effect that is signiﬁcant in both a statistical and an economic sense. Keywords Horizontal inequality Ethnic inequality Publicly provided goods Political patronage JEL Classiﬁcation D63 I24 H42 1 Introduction Inequalities in income, health, and education pose signiﬁcant challenges for developing country governments. Such inequalities,
Social Indicators Research – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 29, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera