Appl. Spatial Analysis https://doi.org/10.1007/s12061-018-9259-5 Path-Dependent Dynamics and Technological Spillovers in the Brazilian Regions 1 1,2 Eduardo Gonçalves & Cirlene Maria de Matos & Inácio Fernandes de Araújo Received: 17 August 2017 /Accepted: 7 May 2018 Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract This article investigates the influence of path dependence, of spatial spill- overs and of production specialization on regional technological specialization. We use patent data and characteristics of industrial activity by Brazilian regions in the period of 2000–2011 to estimate a spatial dynamic panel using the Generalised Method of Moment (GMM) estimator, which deals with unobserved fixed effects and with the endogeneity problem. The results show that the regional production specialization influences technological specialization in Brazilian regions. Furthermore, this article finds that regional technological development is highly path-dependent and character- ized by spatial spillovers. The former result means that regional technological devel- opment is influenced by its own technological specialization trajectory. The latter shows that the technological specialization of the neighborhood has proved to be a determining factor in local technological specialization. These results may help in the understanding of the development of technological clusters, suggesting that the strat- egies to reinforce the regional innovation
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy – Springer Journals
Published: May 31, 2018
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