Passage of low-pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) viruses mediates rapid genetic adaptation of a wild-bird isolate in poultry

Passage of low-pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) viruses mediates rapid genetic adaptation of a... For a better understanding of evolution of influenza viruses, a chicken-origin and wild-bird-origin low-pathogenic avian influenza virus (LPAI) was serially passaged in chickens. Sequences of the hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) genes at each passage level were compared to those of the parental virus. Multiple mutations occurring early during passage were detected, but these were maintained during passages. Interestingly, a number of the observed mutations already existed in the parental virus, as indicated by the presence of single-nucleotide polymorphisms. The greatest numbers of mutations occurred during passage of wild-bird-origin LPAI, where a 20-amino-acid deletion in the NA gene that was observed during the first passage was maintained during subsequent passages. Subsequent experiments showed that this NA deletion was already present as a minority population in the parental virus. These results showed that a selection process favoring a viral subpopulation had occurred. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Passage of low-pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) viruses mediates rapid genetic adaptation of a wild-bird isolate in poultry

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology ; Virology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-010-0891-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

For a better understanding of evolution of influenza viruses, a chicken-origin and wild-bird-origin low-pathogenic avian influenza virus (LPAI) was serially passaged in chickens. Sequences of the hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) genes at each passage level were compared to those of the parental virus. Multiple mutations occurring early during passage were detected, but these were maintained during passages. Interestingly, a number of the observed mutations already existed in the parental virus, as indicated by the presence of single-nucleotide polymorphisms. The greatest numbers of mutations occurred during passage of wild-bird-origin LPAI, where a 20-amino-acid deletion in the NA gene that was observed during the first passage was maintained during subsequent passages. Subsequent experiments showed that this NA deletion was already present as a minority population in the parental virus. These results showed that a selection process favoring a viral subpopulation had occurred.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Apr 1, 2011

References

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