The conduction characteristics of a L-shaped waveguide in a diamond structure photonic crystal is investigated in this paper. The waveguides were fabricated with titanium dioxide ceramic via 3-D printing and sintering. The effects of the position and size of line defects on the transmission characteristics are first simulated using a finite-difference time-domain method. The simulated results show that, when the length of the rectangular defect equals the lattice constant, multiple extended modes are generated. When the centers of the single unit cell of the diamond structure and the line defect waveguide coincide, higher transmission efficiency in the line defect can be achieved. In addition, the corner of the L-shaped waveguide was optimized to reduce reflection loss at the turning point using the arc transition of the large diameter. Our experimental results indicate that L-shaped waveguides with an optimized photonic band gap structure and high-K materials can produce a pass-band between 13.8 GHz and 14.4 GHz and increase transmission efficiency. The computed results agree with the experimental results. Our results may help the integration of microwave devices in the future and possibly enable new applications of photonic crystals.
Journal of Electronic Materials – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 4, 2018
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