When a binary fluid demixes under a slow temperature ramp, nucleation, coarsening and sedimentation of droplets lead to an oscillatory evolution of the phase-separating system. The advection of the sedimenting droplets is found to be chaotic. The flow is driven by density differences between two phases. Here, we show how image processing can be combined with particle tracking to resolve droplet size and velocity simultaneously. Droplets are used as tracer particles, and the sedimentation velocity is determined. Taking these effects into account, droplets with radii in the range of 4−40 μm are detected and tracked. Based on these data, we resolve the oscillations in the droplet size distribution that are coupled to the convective flow.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 20, 2011
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