An experimental investigation of the vortical and turbulent structures in lobed jet mixing flows was conducted. The techniques of planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) and particle image velocimetry (PIV) were used to accomplish flow visualisation and velocity filed measurements of the lobed jet mixing flows. Compared with a conventional circular jet flow, the lobed jet mixing flows were found to have a shorter laminar region, a smaller scale of spanwise Kelvin–Helmholtz vortices, quicker transition to turbulence and earlier appearance of small-scale vortical and turbulent structures. The intensive mixing of the core jet flow with ambient flow was found to concentrate within the first two nozzle diameters in the lobed jet mixing flow. More rapid growth of the shear layer at the near field and quicker decay of the central line velocity were also found in the lobed jet mixing flow. All these indicated a better mixing enhancement performance of the lobed nozzle compared with the conventional circular nozzle in the near-field region.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 31, 2000
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