Participant and Word Gender in Age of Acquisition Effects: The Role of Gender Socialization

Participant and Word Gender in Age of Acquisition Effects: The Role of Gender Socialization The age of acquisition (AoA) effect represents the processing advantage for developmentally earlier-acquired words. An initial norming study identified early and late AoA words having either a strong female-oriented (e.g., flute) or male-oriented (e.g., cigar) semantic bias. Forty-seven female and 45 male Scottish university students participated in a lexical decision task using 100 early and late AoA female- and male-oriented words. Reaction time data showed significant AoA effects for both females and males across both female- and male-oriented words, with faster responses to earlier than later acquired words. Females, however, took longer to respond to male-oriented words, particularly late AoA ones. Males demonstrated no effect of semantic gender. The pattern of effects is consistent with differential gender role socialization. Sex Roles Springer Journals

Participant and Word Gender in Age of Acquisition Effects: The Role of Gender Socialization

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Springer US
Copyright © 2009 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Psychology; Gender Studies; Sociology, general; Medicine/Public Health, general
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